Scarlet fever, gout and whooping cough in UK rise: Symptoms of Victorian diseases - Digital Health Future
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Scarlet fever, gout and whooping cough in UK rise: Symptoms of Victorian diseases

Victorian diseases may be on the rise in the UK, according to latest research. Hospital admissions for four key Victorian diseases have increased by more than 50 per cent over the past eight years, revealed the research by The Labour Party. Scarlet fever saw the highest rise in hospital admissions, from 429 in 2010/2011, to 1,321 in 2017/2018 – a 208 per cent rise in admissions. Whooping cough and malnutrition have increased by more than 50 per cent over the period. Gout has increased by 38 per cent.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that mainly affects young children, said the NHS.

It’s caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, which are commonly found in the skin and the throat.

Common early scarlet fever symptoms include developing a sore throat, headache and a high fever.

Some patients also find they have flushed cheeks and a swollen tongue.

Over the next few days, a distinctive scarlet fever rash may appear. The rash is usually pink in colour, and it starts on the chest and stomach before spreading to other parts of the body.

The rash may feel rough, like sandpaper, and it could also be very itchy.

Whooping cough

Whooping cough is a bacterial infection of the lungs and airways, and it’s also known as pertussis.

The infection can last for between two and three months, and the symptoms may first appear like a common cold.

Around a week later, intense coughing bouts may last for up to a few minutes. These may be more common at night.

The coughs may bring up a thick mucus, and could instigate vomiting, warned the NHS.

You may find yourself gasping for breath between coughs – hence the name ‘whooping’ cough.


Gout is a type of arthritis, and it causes severe – and sudden – joint pain.

It can affect any joint, but is most common in the big toe, fingers, wrists, elbows or knees.

Between one and two people in every 100 are affected by gout in the UK.

You could be at risk of gout if you have severe pain in one or more joints, and the joint feels very hot to the touch.

It could also lead to swelling in and around the affected joint, and a red, shiny layer of skin.

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